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Nikon body + Canon FD lens

PARTIALLY COMPATIBLE MF MA

This shouldn't work in theory due to the difference in flange focal depth, but...

Actually, there are adapters for the C/Y (infinity focus will be impossible), or lens adapter that compensates the difference (infinity will be possible) with certain compromises.

You can read about the compromises of speedbooster adapters in this article more detailed.

The "Canon FD bayonet" may actually refer to three different things, and although these mean no difference in using the adapter, they're worth a mention. The FL bayonet was the predecessor of the FD and could have been fitted on cameras (and adapters) using the FD bayonet lock. The FD bayonet has two versions: FD and nFD. The original FD has a breech lock, which means that only the silver ring on its end of the housing moves when fixing it (it doesn't have a lug, it tightens onto the bayonet lock). In the case of the nFD the whole housing of the lens turns when fixing (similar to a modern EF lens), but the bayonet itself doesn't turn inside the compartment (and has a safety release as well). There are 134 types of FD and 33 types of FL lenses, all of which can be with all kinds of FD adapter rings.

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Terminology

In terms of compatibility, we distinguish four separate categories:

COMPATIBLE
PARTIALLY COMPATIBLE
COMPATIBLE IN THEORY
NOT COMPATIBLE
This means that you'll be able to apply the lens on the camera in question with a proper adapter, and full focus range will be available with it (often with aperture control too). If AF is supported, you'll see it in the description.
This means that due to the flange focal depth or other factor this conversion would be normally unfeasible, but with some compromises (e.g. using a speedbooster adapter) can be made possible.
This means that the flange focal depth should make mounting and using inifinty focus possible, but for some reason there are no adapter rings available or other factors make it unviable.
This means that you won't be able to mount your lens due to mechanical incompatibility or the difference in flange focal depth doesn't make inifinity focus possible. Although numerous lenses can be mounted on cameras without infinity focus, but this cannot be considered actual compatibility.

Additional information for compatible variations:

MF
AF
MA
AA
SB
MAC
TS
manual focus (on the lens, with its own control ring)
autofocus available (AF controlled by the camera body)
manual aperture control (on the lens, with its own control ring)
automatic aperture control (controlled by the camera body)
speedbooster (focal reducer) adapters are available
macro (variable length) adapters are available
tilt-shift (or other flexible) adapters can be used

If you'd like to read more in-depth about compatiblity, you'll need to get familiar with flange focal depth, see this article.